Skip to content

Agra – The City of Taj

History of Agra:

The history of Agra dates back to antiquity. The Sanskrit root ‘gr’ embedded in Agra indicates its existence from pre-historic times, as a ‘fortified city’ or a ‘city with a citadel’. The grounds for believing that Agra as a city did exist , lies in the fact, that it was this very region, which was known as Indraprastha, the capital of Pandavas. Agra was known as Yamaprastha during the Mahabharata period. During the Mughal period, Agra was at its peak of magnificence.

Akbarabad was a name given to Agra by Shah Jahan, in honour of his grandfather, on his accession to the Mughal throne. A large number of coins in gold and silver bear testimony to the change of the name of Agra to Akbarabad. Akbarabad remained popular up to 20th century A.D. Agra [Akbarabad at the time] also has the distinction of being the birth place of the celebrated Urdu poet, Mirza Ghalib.

In the words of Abu’l Fazal ; “Agra is a large city and possesses healthy climate. The river Jamuna flows through it for approx 16 kms; on either side are delightful villas and stretches of meadows. It is filled with people from all countries and is the emporium of the traffic of the world. It contains more than 500 buildings of masonry, based on the beautiful design form of Bengal and Gujarat which sculptors and artists have fashioned as architectural models……”

Father Monserrate, the author of Commentarius, was a Jesuit priest,who visited Agra in 1580 AD noted that …. the city was “famous for its mild climate ,of its fertile soil , of its great river [Jamuna], of its beautiful gardens , of its fame that spread to the ends of the earth, and of its large size” Father Monserrate established a church , an orphanage and a college at Agra , which also had a burial ground .In fact it was the only Christian cemetery in Northern India for quite a period.

Must Places to Visit In Agra

Explore More

10 Kms.

Distance From Campus

Historical Monument

SIKANDRA

Sikandra is the mausoleum of Akbar. Akbar himself started construction of this beautiful monument. This structure has a perfect blending of Hindu, Christian, Islamic, Buddhist, Jain themes. Sikandra is named after Sikandar lodi, the Delhi ruler who was in power from 1488 to 1517.

Explore More

10 Kms.

Distance From Campus

Historical Monument

Mariam’s Tomb

Mariam’s tomb is located on the left side of Agra-Mathura road, to the west of Akbar’s tomb, Sikandara. The tomb houses the mortal remains of Mariam Zamani, a Rajput Princess of Amber (Jaipur) and the wife of Emperor Akbar and mother of Jahangir (Salim). The structure was originally a pleasure pavilion under Sikander Lodi who built it in AD 1495. Additions and renovations were made in 1623 AD when this baradari was converted into a tomb.

Explore More

1.5 Kms.

Distance From Campus

Historical Monument

Itmad Ud Daulah

Itmad-ud-daula has a special place in the chronicles of both history as well as architecture. This is precisely because Itmad ud Daula is the very first tomb in India that is entirely made out of Marble. This is actually a mausoleum that overlooks the River Yamuna and is a tomb of Mir Ghiyas Beg, a minister in the court of Shah Jahan. After Akbar's death in 1605, his son Jahangir became the Mughal emperor, who made Ghiyas Beg his chief minister or Wazir. Ghiyas Beg was also honored with the title of Itimad-ud-Daulah or the pillar of the state.

Explore More

300 meters

Distance From Campus

Historical Garden

Ram Bagh

The Ram Bagh is the oldest Mughal Garden in India, originally built by the Mughal Emperor Babur in 1528, located about five kilometers northeast of the Taj Mahal in Agra, India. Babur was temporarily buried there before being interred in Kabul.Jahangir waited in the garden in early March 1621 for the most astrologically auspicious hour for him to enter Agra after he took the Fort of Kangra. The preserved, surviving architecture dates to his reign and demonstrates the skill of his wife Nur Jahan as a garden designer.

Explore More

40 Kms.

Distance From Campus

Historical Monument

Fatehpur Sikri

Fatehpur Sikri is a fascinating ghost city built in the 16th century; 37 km from Agra Akbar the great, who at 26 years did not have an heir, founded this historic site.

He went to a saint, Shaikh Salim Chishti who lived in a city called Sikri. His blessing gave Akbar 3 sons. As a gesture, Akbar built a whole new city in Sikri. Akbar named his new capital Fatehpur Sikri or the City of Victory. It was built between 1569 and 1585.

9 Kms.

Distance From Campus

Religious Place

Gurudwara Guru Ka Taal

This historic structure dates back to the 17th century. Earlier it was a Taal (reservoir) in the area near Sikandra. It was built in 1610 AD to collect and conserve rainwater in Agra during Jehangir reign. The water of the reservoir was used for irrigation purposes during the dry season. The reservoir was ornamented with stone carvings. This is said to be the place where the Guru Tegh Bahadur laid down his arms to offer arrest to Aurangazeb. The Gurudwara called Guru Ka Taal was built in the 1970s due to the contributions and arduous efforts of Sant Baba Sadhu Singhji "Mauni".

Explore More

6 Kms.

Distance From Campus

Religious Monument

Radha Swami Samadhi

15 kms from Agra, Dayal Bagh, also known as Soamibagh, houses the samadhi of the founder of Radha Swami faith, 'Swamiji Maharaj'. The main structure is a majestic building, 110-feet in height, built of pure white marble. The belief here is that construction work should never end, making it into a living monument, hence it is under construction for almost 100 years.

We’d love to help

Appointment Form